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Poland Travel Guide

Poland Travel Guide


Poland, the ninth largest European country, welcomes visitors with its traditional customs and crafts, well-preserved medieval castles, high-rank universities and friendly people. You can have a direct flight to Warsaw from Ankara, the capital of Turkey.

General Info



Capital of Poland


Country Code


Official Language


Surface Area

312.696 km² (120.733 sq mi)

Time zone (GMT / Local time)


Telephone Code



Zloty (PLN)


38.036.118 people (2022)


Polish / Pole


Unitary Parliamentary Republic

Annual Average Temperature

-2 °C in January to 24 °C in July

Socket Type

Type C and F / 230V


Warsaw is the capital of Poland. It is the largest and most populated city in the country. ¨Warszawa¨, as locals call it, is economically prominent for the European Union, being the sixth most populated city within EU borders.

Official Language and Popular Phrases

The official language in Poland is Polish. Having several consonants together in a word, it needs some practice to pronounce. Here are some popular phrases in Polish:

  • Dziękuję - Thank you
  • Dziękuję - Excuse me.
  • Dobry wieczór! - Good evening
  • Miło mi Cię poznać - Nice to meet you!
  • Przepraszam, ile to kosztuje? - Excuse me, how much is this?
  • Czy można płacić kartą? - Doı you accept a credit card?


Situated in Central Europe, Poland covers a part of the North European Plain. Geographically it is bordered by Lithuania and Russia to the northeast, Belarus and Ukraine to the east, Slovakia and Czechia to the south and Germany to the east. The Baltic Sea covers the northern coastline of the country. Warsaw, Krakow, Lodz, Gdansk, Lublin, Wroclaw, Katowice and Szczecin are the largest and most popular cities for travelers of Poland.


The population is over 38 million people according to the records of the 2022 census. 96.9% of this population is Polish, with Ukrainians and migrants increasing. Poland has an aged population and birth rates are decreasing steadily.

Local Time

Poland is accepted in the Central European Time zone, which is an hour ahead of Greenwich time. According to daylight saving time, the difference is +2 hours between March and October.


Zloty, abbreviated as PLN, is the local currency used in Poland.


Poland has a moderate transitional climate. Both maritime and continental climatic features can be observed in the country. Four seasons are seen throughout the year. The average temperature is expected to be between 2 and -3 degrees in December and January, the coldest months, while in July and August, the average temperature is expected to range from 13 to 24 Celsius. It is not surprising to see snowy and freezing days in Warsaw in winter and very hot daytime weather in mid-summer.

Landscape and Vegetation

This Central Eastern European country is fascinating with its long strands of mountains - the Carpathian and Sudeten Mountains to the south and sandy Baltic beaches to the north. In general, Poland's landscape is formed by lowlands and forests in the middle. There are more than 1300 lakes all over the country. You can see the eastern European sub-taiga in the northeast, whereas forest-steppe vegetation is mostly observed in the southeastern parts.

Government Type

The governing body of Poland is known as a unitary parliamentary representative democratic republic. The President is the head of execution. The country is divided into 16 administrative regions, called voivodeships. This province-like system has its own districts. Poland has been one of the 27 member states of the European Union since 2004.

Economic Resources

Poland has an industrialized, mixed economy Service sector and industry cover 85% of the economic sources. Coal, silver, natural gas and copper, lead, salt and amber are important natural resources contributing to the economy.

Transportation in Poland

Poland is accessible via direct flights to Warsaw. There are two international air hubs in the city. Warsaw Chopin Airport and Modlin Airport. Chopin Airport is located 10 km to the southwest of the city. Cheap flights to Poland arrive at and depart from the busiest hub. You can take a local bus, train and taxi to reach the city center. Trains run every 15 minutes to Warsaw. There are direct trains to Lodz from the airport. Bus lines 175, 188 and N32 (night bus) take passengers directly to Warsaw. Airport transfer is also available if your hotel confirms it with your booking. You can buy cheap flights to Poland from Ankara Esenboğa Airport with Pegasus.

Accommodation in Poland

You can find both luxury hotels and B&B accommodations in Poland. In the capital, travelers usually prefer hotels and hostels near OldTown, Zoliborz and the City Centre. You can find student housing around university campuses. For the best deals, check Pegasus accommodation pages.

Traditional Dishes and Popular Restaurants in Poland

Polish cuisine includes various flavors inspired by Baltic, Jewish and European recipes. In Poland, you mustn't miss the chance to try the top 5 tastes:

  • Pierogi - rolled out doughs filled with savory or sweets
  • Golabki - cabbage rolls stuffed with minced meat cooked with onions and mushrooms
  • Bigos - pickled cucumber in Polish style
  • Placki Ziemniaczane - potato pancakes with grated onions
  • Zrazy - a Medieval recipe of slowly cooked beef served with red cabbage

Places to Visit in Poland

There is a wide variety of places to visit in Poland. If you need some less-known spots to explore, here are some tips.

  • The Teutonic castle in Malbork is noted as the largest castle in the world by land area. Built in the 13th century, the Teutonic castle and its fortress are recorded among UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
  • Wieliczka Salt Mine and Underground Salt Cathedral stand with their 800-year-old history in Poland. You can take a salt mine tour from Krakow and see its salt chandeliers, chambers and salt chapel 135 meters below the ground.
  • You can see the heaviest European bison in Bialowieza Primeval Forest and National park. The animal weighs about 600 kg.
  • The only European desert is located in Pustynia Bledowska in Silesia province of Poland.
  • You can visit and even have lunch at the oldest restaurant in Europe. Piwnica Świdnicka is known as the oldest restaurant from 1275 and still serves in Wroclaw today.
  • You should walk around the rebuilt old town of Warsaw to admire how Poles regarded their own history.

Things to Know Before Visiting Poland

There are interesting facts about Poland for visitors who plan to explore remarkable figures:

  • Vodka, a famous alcohol drink in Eastern Europe is claimed to get originated in Poland. Its name was first seen in Polish court records in 1405.
  • One of the original Gutenberg Bibles is exhibited in Diocesan Museum in Pelplin in Poland.
  • Warsaw was totally destroyed during World War II. The Polish capital was rebuilt according to its original shape with the guidance of Bernardo Bellotto’s paintings after the war.

Emergency Numbers in Poland

112 is the common European emergency code. In Poland, you can also dial these numbers below:

  • 981 road assistance
  • 997 police
  • 998 fire brigade
  • 999 ambulance

Holidays in Poland

Public holidays in Poland are declared every year regarding the national memoirs and religious days. Labor Day and Constitution Day are celebrated in the first week of May. Pentecost Sunday on May 28 is also a holiday. In November, All Saints’ Day and Independence Day make trips available for family gatherings. December 25 and 26 are public holidays due to Christmas and St. Stephen’s Day.

When to Go to Poland?

You can always find a reason to visit Polish cities and destinations. The best time to visit Poland is any month coinciding with these traditional week-long festivals around. Here are a few suggestions:

  • Jewish Culture Festival in Warsaw, Grzybowski Square
  • Zielona Góra Wine Festival in Zielona Gora in September
  • Baltic Days of Jewish Culture in Gdansk in June
  • Saint Dominic’s Fair in Gdansk Old Town in August

Visa Requirements to Visit Poland

Poland is a Schengen area, meaning you must have a Schengen visa to enter the country. For a visa, you must have a valid passport or travel document, a filled-in and signed application form with two photos, and proof of visa payment. The officials may also require health insurance and proof of accommodation.

Frequently Asked Questions about Poland

Frequently Asked Questions

How much will a holiday in Türkiye cost?
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Türkiye is a country where you can spend a lot or very little for a holiday. You can find hostels for as low as 10 euros and ultra-luxurious rooms that start from 6,500 euros per night.

Is transportation expensive in Türkiye?
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Public transportation is very affordable. You can travel economically by metro, metrobus, bus, train, plane and ferries.

What is the cheapest transportation to airports in Türkiye?
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Depending on the airport, the cheapest way to get from the airport is to use the municipal bus or metro systems. Some flight booking services also provide comfortable shuttle or service buses at reasonable prices.

What is the cheapest transportation between the ıstanbul airports and the city centre?
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The airport shuttle bus services offer inexpensive transportation to and from the Istanbul airports and the city’s central areas.

Is ıt cheap to rent a car in Türkiye?
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You can rent vehicles at affordable prices in Türkiye.  Pegasus car rental service provides you with very convenient service!

Is it expensive to travel with my pet to Türkiye?
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While you will need to obtain the proper documentation for your pet, once you arrive, you will find that Türkiye is an animal loving country. People feed street cats and dogs here, and you can find all services for your pet at very reasonable prices.

Are there cheap places to stay in Türkiye?
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If you make early bookings, you can stay at Türkiye hotels for very reasonable prices. If you are planning to go to metropolitan areas such as Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir, or to popular resorts such as Bodrum and Dalaman, you can stay at hostels for very cheap rates. If you get to the eastern regions of Türkiye, it is possible to stay at boutique hotels for very affordable rates. Bungalows and pensions also offer cheap rates.

Is there cheap food in Türkiye?
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Yes! It is very easy to eat on a budget in Türkiye. The cheapest meals can be found at small restaurants, called ‘artisan’ or ‘home-cooked food’ restaurants, as well as at international food chains.

Is nightlife cheap in Türkiye?
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For someone visiting Türkiye from abroad (especially from countries where the euro, dollar or pound are in use) nightlife is cheap. While prices may be higher in popular resort areas, if you know where to go, you can find affordable places everywhere.

Can I find cheap cell phone companies in Türkiye?
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Both international and local GSM operators are available in Türkiye, and their voice, text and data package prices are reasonable.

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